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How to install xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm on CentOS 8 - A collection of common X Window System applications

How to Download and Install xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm

If you are using a Linux distribution based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 8, such as CentOS, AlmaLinux, Rocky Linux, or Oracle Linux, you may want to install some useful X Window System applications that are not included by default. In this article, we will show you how to download and install xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm, a package that contains a collection of common X11 applications.

What is xorg-x11-apps and what does it contain?

Xorg-x11-apps is a package that provides a set of applications that use the X.Org X11 libraries. These applications are mostly graphical tools for testing, configuring, and displaying information about the X Window System. Some examples of these applications are:

download xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm

  • xclock: a simple analog or digital clock

  • xeyes: a pair of eyes that follow the mouse pointer

  • xcalc: a scientific calculator

  • xclipboard: a tool for managing the clipboard

  • xev: a tool for displaying X events

  • xfontsel: a tool for selecting X fonts

  • xload: a tool for displaying system load average

  • xlogo: a tool for displaying the X Window System logo

  • xmag: a tool for magnifying parts of the screen

  • xmessage: a tool for displaying simple dialog boxes

  • xpr: a tool for printing X window dumps

  • xvidtune: a tool for adjusting video modes

  • xwd: a tool for capturing X window dumps

  • xwud: a tool for displaying X window dumps

You can find more information about these applications in their respective manual pages or on the .

What is rpm and what are its advantages?

RPM stands for Red Hat Package Manager. It is a free and open-source package management system that allows you to install, uninstall, and manage software packages in Linux. The name RPM also refers to the .rpm file format, which is the baseline package format of the Linux Standard Base (LSB).

Some of the advantages of using rpm are:

How to install xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm on CentOS 8

xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm package information and download link

xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm dependencies and requirements

xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm debuginfo and debugsource packages

xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm alternatives and similar packages

xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm deprecation and replacement in RHEL 9

xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm build info and source code

xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm license and maintainer

xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm description and usage

xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm collection of common X Window System applications

How to enable codeready-builder-for-rhel-8-x86_64-rpms repository for xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm

How to use xterm or other GUI based application to test SSH X11Forwarding with xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm

How to uninstall xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm from CentOS 8

How to update xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm to the latest version

How to verify the integrity of xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm file

How to fix errors or issues with xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm installation or operation

How to configure and customize xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm settings and options

How to use luit, oclock, x11perf, xbiff, and other tools included in xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm package

How to download xorg-x11-apps-debuginfo and debugsource packages for debugging xorg-x11-apps applications

How to find documentation and tutorials for using xorg-x11-apps applications

  • It simplifies software installation and removal by handling dependencies and conflicts.

  • It verifies the integrity and authenticity of packages by using digital signatures and checksums.

  • It maintains a local database of installed packages and their metadata.

  • It allows you to query, verify, and update packages easily.

  • It supports multiple compression formats and encryption methods.

  • It is compatible with many Linux distributions and - It supports multiple compression formats and encryption methods.

  • It is compatible with many Linux distributions and tools that use the rpm format or its derivatives, such as yum, dnf, zypper, apt-rpm, alien, etc.

You can find more information about rpm on the .

What is el8 and which Linux distributions use it?

El8 is a codename for the eighth major release of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), a commercial Linux distribution developed by Red Hat. RHEL 8 was released in May 2019 and introduced many new features and improvements, such as:

  • A new web-based management console called Cockpit

  • A new modular repository system that allows more flexibility and choice for software versions

  • A new application stream concept that separates user space packages from the core operating system

  • A new container toolset that includes podman, buildah, and skopeo

  • A new security policy tool called osquery

  • Support for OpenSSL 1.1.1 and TLS 1.3

  • Support for Python 3.6 and PHP 7.2

  • Support for Wayland as the default display server

  • Support for Stratis as a new local storage management solution

  • Support for NVDIMM as a new persistent memory technology

RHEL 8 is based on Fedora 28 and uses the Linux kernel 4.18. It is supported by Red Hat until May 2029.

There are also several Linux distributions that are derived from or compatible with RHEL 8, such as:


A free and community-supported Linux distribution that aims to provide a functionally compatible alternative to RHEL.

A free and community-driven Linux distribution that was created as a replacement for CentOS after Red Hat announced that it would shift its focus to CentOS Stream.

A free and community-developed Linux distribution that was founded by the original creator of CentOS as another alternative to RHEL.

A commercial Linux distribution developed by Oracle that offers full binary compatibility with RHEL and includes additional features such as the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel and the Ksplice service.

How to download xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm

There are two main ways to download xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm: using a web browser or using wget.

Using a web browser

The easiest way to download xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm is to use a web browser and visit the . You can then navigate to the directory that contains the package, which is /centos/8/AppStream/x86_64/os/Packages/. Alternatively, you can use the search function on the site to find the package by its name. Once you locate the package, you can click on it to download it to your local system.

Using wget

If you prefer to use the command line, you can also download xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm using wget, a utility that allows you to retrieve files from the web. To use wget, you need to know the exact URL of the package, which you can find on the CentOS mirror site or by using a search engine. For example, one possible URL of the package is:

To download the package using wget, you can run the following command in your terminal:

wget http wget

This will download the package to your current working directory. You can also specify a different directory or filename by using the -O option. For example, to download the package to your home directory and name it x11-apps.rpm, you can run:

wget -O /x11-apps.rpm

Checking the file integrity and authenticity

Before installing the package, it is a good practice to check its integrity and authenticity. This will ensure that the package has not been corrupted or tampered with during the download process or by a malicious third party.

One way to check the file integrity is to use the sha256sum command, which calculates and displays the SHA-256 hash of a file. The SHA-256 hash is a unique and fixed-length string that represents the content of a file. If two files have the same SHA-256 hash, they are identical. If not, they are different.

To use sha256sum, you need to know the expected SHA-256 hash of the package, which you can find on the CentOS mirror site or by using a search engine. For example, one possible SHA-256 hash of the package is:


To check the file integrity using sha256sum, you can run the following command in your terminal:

sha256sum xorg-x11-apps-7.7-21.el8.x86_64.rpm

This will display the SHA-256 hash of the file and compare it with the expected hash. If they match, the file is intact. If not, the file is corrupted or modified and you should download it again from a trusted source.

Another way to check the file integrity and authenticity is to use the rpm command with the -K option, which verifies the digital signature of a package. The digital signature is a cryptographic mechanism that ensures that the package was created by a trusted entity and has not been altered since then.

To use rpm -K, you need to have the public key of the package signer imported into your system. The public key is a file that contains information about the identity and validity of the signer. You can find and download the public key from the CentOS mirror site or by using a search engine. For example, one possible URL of the public key is:

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